Determination and Inference of Eukaryotic Transcription Factor Sequence Specificity

Weirauch, MT; Yang A.; Albu M.; Cote, AG; Montenegro-Montero, A; Drewe, P; Najafabadi, HS; Lambert, SA; Mann, I; Cook K.; Zheng H.; Goity A.; van Bakel, H.; Lozano, JC; Galli, M.; et. al.


Transcription factor (TF) DNA sequence preferences direct their regulatory activity, but are currently known for only similar to 1% of eukaryotic TFs. Broadly sampling DNA-binding domain (DBD) types from multiple eukaryotic clades, we determined DNA sequence preferences for >1,000 TFs encompassing 54 different DBD classes from 131 diverse eukaryotes. We find that closely related DBDs almost always have very similar DNA sequence preferences, enabling inference of motifs for similar to 34% of the similar to 170,000 known or predicted eukaryotic TFs. Sequences matching both measured and inferred motifs are enriched in chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) peaks and upstream of transcription start sites in diverse eukaryotic lineages. SNPs defining expression quantitative trait loci in Arabidopsis promoters are also enriched for predicted TF binding sites. Importantly, our motif library can be used to identify specific TFs whose binding may be altered by human disease risk alleles. These data present a powerful resource for mapping transcriptional networks across eukaryotes.

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Título según WOS: Determination and Inference of Eukaryotic Transcription Factor Sequence Specificity
Título de la Revista: CELL
Volumen: 158
Número: 6
Editorial: Cell Press
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 1431
Página final: 1443
Idioma: English


Notas: ISI