Developing consistent scenarios to assess flood hazards in mountain streams
Keywords: natural hazards, River basin management, Mountain basins, Formative scenario analysis, Flood risk management
The characterizing feature of extreme events in steep mountain streams is the multiplicity of possible tipping process patterns such as those involving sudden morphological changes due to intense local erosion, aggradation as well as clogging of critical flow sections due to wood accumulations. Resolving a substantial part of the uncertainties underlying these hydrological cause-effect chains is a major challenge for flood risk management. Our contribution is from a methodological perspective based on an expert-based methodology to unfold natural hazard process scenarios in mountain streams to retrace their probabilistic structure. As a first step we set up a convenient system representation for natural hazard process routing. In this setting, as a second step, we proceed deriving the possible and thus consistent natural hazard process patterns by means of Formative Scenario Analysis. In a last step, hazard assessment is refined by providing, through expert elicitation, the spatial probabilistic structure of individual scenario trajectories. As complement to the theory the applicability of the method is shown through embedded examples. To conclude we discuss the major advantages of the presented methodological approach for hazard assessment compared to traditional approaches, and with respect to the risk governance process. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Developing consistent scenarios to assess flood hazards in mountain streams|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT|
|Editorial:||ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2012|
|Página de inicio:||112|