TURNING THE TIDES ON THE ULTRA-FAINT DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES: COMA BERENICES AND URSA MAJOR II
Keywords: dark matter, local group, galaxies: dwarf, galaxies: individual (Coma Berenices, Ursa Major II)
We present deep CFHT/MegaCam photometry of the ultra-faint Milky Way satellite galaxies: Coma Berenices (ComBer) and Ursa Major II (UMa II). These data extend to r similar to 25, corresponding to 3 mag below the main-sequence turn-offs in these galaxies. We robustly calculate a total luminosity of M(V) = -3.8 +/- 0.6 for ComBer and M(V) = -3.9 +/- 0.5 for UMa II, in agreement with previous results and confirming that these galaxies are among the faintest of the known dwarf satellites of the Milky Way. ComBer shows a fairly regular morphology with no signs of active tidal stripping down to a surface brightness limit of 32.4 mag arcsec(-2). Using a maximum likelihood analysis, we calculate the half-light radius of ComBer to be r(half) = 74 +/- 4 pc (5.8 +/- 0'.3) and its ellipticity epsilon = 0.36 +/- 0.04. In contrast, UMa II shows signs of ongoing disruption. We map its morphology down to mu(V) = 32.6 mag arcsec(-2) and found that UMa II is larger than previously determined, extending at least similar to 600 pc (1 degrees.1 on the sky) and it is also quite elongated with an overall ellipticity of epsilon = 0.50 +/- 0.2. However, our estimate for the half-light radius, 123 +/- 3 pc (14.1 +/- 0'.3) is similar to previous results. We discuss the implications of these findings in the context of potential indirect dark matter detections and galaxy formation. We conclude that while ComBer appears to be a stable dwarf galaxy, UMa II shows signs of ongoing tidal interaction.
|Título según WOS:||TURNING THE TIDES ON THE ULTRA-FAINT DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES: COMA BERENICES AND URSA MAJOR II|
|Título de la Revista:||ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL|
|Editorial:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2010|
|Página de inicio:||138|