Dectin-2 is a Syk-coupled pattern recognition receptor crucial for Th17 responses to fungal infection
Innate immune cells detect pathogens via pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), which signal for initiation of immune responses to infection. Studies with Dectin-1, a PRR for fungi, have defined a novel innate signaling pathway involving Syk kinase and the adaptor CARD9, which is critical for inducing Th17 responses to fungal infection. We show that another C-type lectin, Dectin-2, also signals via Syk and CARD9, and contributes to dendritic cell (DC) activation by fungal particles. Unlike Dectin-1, Dectin-2 couples to Syk indirectly, through association with the FcR. chain. In a model of Candida albicans infection, blockade of Dectin-2 did not affect innate immune resistance but abrogated Candida-specific T cell production of IL-17 and, in combination with the absence of Dectin-1, decreased Th1 responses to the organism. Thus, Dectin-2 constitutes a major fungal PRR that can couple to the Syk-CARD9 innate signaling pathway to activate DCs and regulate adaptive immune responses to fungal infection.
|Título según WOS:||Dectin-2 is a Syk-coupled pattern recognition receptor crucial for Th17 responses to fungal infection|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE|
|Editorial:||ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|
|Página de inicio:||2037|