Translation and validation of a Spanish version of the xerostomia inventory.

Serrano, Carlos; Fariña, María P.; Pérez, Cristhian; Fernández, Marcos; Forman, Katherine; Carrasco, Mauricio

Keywords: xerostomia, salivary secretion, translation and validation, xerostomia inventory


The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish cross-cultural adaptation of the xerostomia inventory (XI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The original English version of XI was translated into Spanish, cross-culturally adapted and field tested. The Spanish version of XI (XI-Sp) was tested with a sample of 41 patients with xerostomia. The reliability of the XI-Sp was determined through internal consistency and test-retest methods. The construct validity of XI-Sp was determined by means of correlation between XI-Sp scores and salivary flow measurements. RESULTS: Overall XI-Sp scores were 40.8 (SD = 10) for the first application and 40.2 (SD = 9.5) for the second. Cronbach's alpha value for the XI-Sp was 0.89 and 0.87, respectively, while interitem correlation averages were r = 0.44 and r = 0.39 for each application. Interitem correlation and corrected total was rc ≥0.30. The test-retest intraclass correlation coefficient value for the XI-Sp score was 0.59 and 0.91. Convergent validity for construct validity correlation with salivary flow showed a medium effect size (r2 = 0.10) for the first application but did not make a statistically significant prediction for the second (r2 = 0.7). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence concerning the reliability of the XI-Sp, showing that it may be a useful tool for Spanish-speaking xerostomia patients for both clinical and epidemiologic research.

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Título de la Revista: Gerodontology
Volumen: 33
Número: 4
Editorial: © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Página de inicio: 506
Página final: 506
Idioma: Inglés
Notas: ISI