The sodium-activated sodium channel is expressed in the rat kidney thick ascending limb and collecting duct cells and is upregulated during high salt intake.
Increased dietary salt triggers oxidative stress and kidney injury in salt-sensitive hypertension; however, the mechanism for sensing increased extracellular Na(+) concentration ([Na(+)]) remains unclear. A Na(+)-activated Na(+) channel (Na sensor) described in the brain operates as a sensor of extracellular fluid [Na(+)]; nonetheless, its presence in the kidney has not been established. In the present study, we demonstrated the gene expression of the Na sensor by RT-PCR and Western blotting in the Sprague-Dawley rat kidney. Using immunofluorescence, the Na sensor was localized to the luminal side in tubular epithelial cells of collecting ducts colocalizing with aquaporin-2, a marker of principal cells, and in thick ascending limb, colocalizing with the glycoprotein Tamm-Horsfall. To determine the effect of a high-salt diet (HSD) on Na sensor gene expression, we quantified its transcript and protein levels primarily in renal medullas from control rats and rats subjected to 8% NaCl for 7 days (n = 5). HSD increased Na sensor expression levels (mRNA: from 1.2 ± 0.2 to 5.1 ± 1.3 au; protein: from 0.98 ± 0.15 to 1.74 ± 0.28 au P < 0.05) in the kidney medulla, but not in the cortex. These data indicate that rat kidney epithelial cells of the thick ascending limb and principal cells of the collecting duct possess a Na sensor that is upregulated by HSD, suggesting an important role in monitoring changes in tubular fluid [Na(+)].
|Título de la Revista:||American Journal Physiology-Renal Physiology|
|Editorial:||AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2012|
|Página de inicio:||105|