Behind the scenes: critical insights for marine conservation at southern Chile
Keywords: southern chile, assemblage, marine conservation, inclusion, decision-making process
In October 2015 during the “Our Ocean Conference” President Michelle Bachelet announced the establishment of the Nazca-Desventuradas Marine Park the largest Marine Protected Area in the Americas; achieving the CDB Aichi Targets and becoming the leader of marine conservation in the region. Despite the progress on ocean protection represented by the creation of this large Marine Protected Area (MPA), the coastal and inshore conservation, where the multiple uses and conflicts are more intense, remains reduced to particular cases. This paper presents the results of a postdoctoral research conducted at the Pitipalena-Añihué and Tic-Toc MPAs, in the Corcovado Gulf at southern Chile, the lastest MPAs established over the chilean coastal area. The results highlight: i) the establishment of the MPAs is a result of a long and contentious process of socio-territorial transformation of northern Patagonia, currently characterized by the ambiguous relation of the expansion of salmon industry over the latest pristine seas of the world and its environmental protection; ii) the emergence of a "conservationist assemblage" and its aggregation around a multi-agent governance network; iii) the major challenge for an effective and social inclusive marine conservation is to build appropriate institutions to ensure environmental quality and to promote human well-being. These critical issues demonstrate that behind the biodiversity global targets and the creation of “big paper parks” there are an enormous social and political complexities that are not integrated in the environmental policy-making process.
|Fecha de publicación:||2017|
|Año de Inicio/Término:||April 29 - May 1|