Predictors of Readiness to Oral Rapid HIV Testing for Chilean Health care Providers

Irarrazábal L; Levy, J; Norr, K; Cianelli, R; Issel, M; Pérez, C; Hotton, A

Keywords: HIV: health care: readiness: diseas prevention: Chile


Objective. This study identified the personal characteristics that affect Chilean health care providers’ readiness to adopt HIV Oral Rapid Testing (ORT) in Chile as a new clinical evidence-based practice (EBP). Methods. Using a cross-sectional research design, the study sampled 150 nurses, midwives, and physicians employed at four clinics within the Pontifícia Universidad Católica de Chile Health Network in Santiago. Participants completed a self-administered survey asking about their demographic background, EBP attitudes and experience, personal beliefs related to HIV, the importance of HIV testing, and perceived self-comfort in performing a rapid HIV test. Results. Of the participants, 90% believed that incorporating ORT would make a positive difference in their practice and said that they would be willing to adopt the technology for that reason. Nonetheless, the providers reported a mean “readiness to implement ORT” score of 15.1 out of a possible value of 20, suggesting only moderate self-perceived readiness to adopt the EBP. Education, beliefs about evidence-based practice, perceived comfort in performing ORT, and perceived importance of HIV testing explained 43.6% of the variance in readiness to adopt ORT. Conclusion. The findings of this first ORT pre-implementation study in Chile can help guide policy makers and HIV stakeholders to prepare for and increase primary health care providers’ readiness to successfully adopt this evidence-based technology. Successful adoption of ORT could increase Chile’s capacity to reach HIV-vulnerable Chileans for testing and referral to care if infected, thus helping the country to reduce further transmission of the virus and its medical complications.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Panamerican Journal of Publica Health
Volumen: 40
Número: 5
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Página de inicio: 362
Página final: 368
Idioma: Englsih