The anion exchanger Ae2 is required for enamel maturation in mouse teeth

Lyaruu, D.M.; Bronckers, A.L.J.J.; Mulder, L.; Mardones, P.; Medina, J.F.; Kellokumpu, S.; Oude Elferink, R.P.J.; Everts, V.

Keywords: knockout, Ameloblasts, Anion exchanger Ae2, Enamel mineralisation


One of the mechanisms by which epithelial cells regulate intracellular pH is exchanging bicarbonate for Cl(-). We tested the hypothesis that in ameloblasts the anion exchanger-2 (Ae2) is involved in pH regulation during maturation stage amelogenesis. Quantitative X-ray microprobe mineral content analysis, scanning electron microscopy, histology, micro-computed tomography and Ae2 immuno-localisation analyses were applied to Ae2-deficient and wild-type mouse mandibles. Immuno-localisation of Ae2 in wild-type mouse incisors showed a very strong expression of Ae2 in the basolateral membranes of the maturation stage ameloblasts. Strikingly, zones of contiguous ameloblasts were found within the maturation stage in which Ae2 expression was extremely low as opposed to neighbouring cells. Maturation stage ameloblasts of the Ae2(a,b)(-/-) mice failed to stain for Ae2 and showed progressive disorganisation as enamel development advanced. Maturation stage enamel of the Ae2(a,b)(-/-) mice contained substantially less mineral and more protein than wild-type enamel as determined by quantitative X-ray microanalysis. Incisor enamel was more severely affected than molar enamel. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the rod-inter-rod structures of the Ae2(a,b)(-/-) mice incisor enamel were absent. Mineral content of dentine and bone of Ae2(a,b)(-/-) mice was not significantly different from wild-type mice. The enamel from knockout mouse teeth wore down much faster than that from wild-type litter mates. Basolateral bicarbonate secretion via the anionic exchanger Ae2 is essential for mineral growth in the maturation stage enamel. The observed zonal expression of Ae2 in the maturation stage ameloblasts is in line with a model for cyclic proton secretion during maturation stage amelogenesis.

Más información

Título de la Revista: MATRIX BIOLOGY
Volumen: 27
Número: 2
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2008
Página de inicio: 119
Página final: 127
Idioma: English


Notas: ISI