High-pressure phase equilibria for chlorosilane + carbon dioxide mixtures
Fluid-phase equilibria, including dew points, bubble points, and critical points were measured for four binary systems composed of a chlorosilane and carbon dioxide. The measurements were carried out in a constant-composition, variable-volume cell equipped with a sapphire window, which allowed visual observation of the phases in the cell. A syringe pump was used to inject the CO2 into the cell and to control its pressure. Methyltrichlorosilane, dimethyldichlorosilane, trimethylchlorosilane, and diethyldichlorosilane up to about 0.14 mol fraction were studied in this apparatus and a total of 243 phase-boundary points were obtained. Displacements in the critical point with respect to pure CO2 of up to 11.81 MPa and 348.05 K were observed. Modeling of the fluid-phase equilibria for three of the four binary systems was done using the Peng–Robinson equation of state, standard van der Waals mixing rules with two binary interaction parameters, and a φ–φ formulation of the equilibrium. The binary interaction parameters were obtained by fitting the model to the experimental data. The model produced excellent agreement between computed and experimental data. Graphical representations of the modeling results are presented and compared to experimental results. The results indicate that the largest chlorosilane (diethyldichlorosilane) produced the largest shift in critical pressure and critical temperature with respect to pure CO2.
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|FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
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