Turbulent magnetic field amplification from the smallest to the largest magnetic Prandtl numbers

Bovino, S; Schleicher, D R G; Schober, J


The small-scale dynamo provides a highly efficient mechanism for the conversion of turbulent into magnetic energy. In astrophysical environments, such turbulence often occurs at high Mach numbers, implying steep slopes in the turbulent spectra. It is thus a central question whether the small-scale dynamo can amplify magnetic fields in the interstellar or intergalactic media, where such Mach numbers occur. To address this long-standing issue, we employ the Kazantsev model for turbulent magnetic field amplification, systematically exploring the effect of different turbulent slopes, as expected for Kolmogorov, Burgers, the Larson laws and results derived from numerical simulations. With the framework employed here, we give the first solution encompassing the complete range of magnetic Prandtl numbers, including Pm {\Lt} 1, Pm {\tilde} 1 and Pm {\Gt} 1. We derive scaling laws of the growth rate as a function of hydrodynamic and magnetic Reynolds number for Pm {\Lt} 1 and Pm {\Gt} 1 for all types of turbulence. A central result concerns the regime of Pm {\tilde} 1, where the magnetic field amplification rate increases rapidly as a function of Pm. This phenomenon occurs for all types of turbulence we have explored. We further find that the dynamo growth rate can be decreased by a few orders of magnitude for turbulence spectra steeper than Kolmogorov. We calculate the critical magnetic Reynolds number Rm$_{c}$ for magnetic field amplification, which is highest for the Burgers case. As expected, our calculation shows a linear behaviour of the amplification rate close to the threshold proportional to (Rm - Rm$_{c}$). On the basis of the Kazantsev model, we therefore expect the existence of the small-scale dynamo for a given value of Pm as long as the magnetic Reynolds number is above the critical threshold.

Más información

Título de la Revista: NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS
Volumen: 15
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página de inicio: 013055


Notas: ISI