ROLE OF DRUG INJECTION IN THE SPREAD OF HIV IN ARGENTINA AND BRAZIL
Drug injectors have become the second largest HIV transmission category in Argentina and Brazil, as is the case in many pattern I countries, making up more than one-quarter of all AIDS cases reported by 1991. HIV seroprevalence data suggest that the expanding proportion of AIDS cases attributable to drug injection stems from an absolute increase in the number of AIDS cases among drug injectors, and is not merely reflective of a decline in the proportion of cases reported in other transmission categories. Results of a review of studies in Argentina and Brazil indicate that HIV seroprevalence is increasing rapidly, contrary to the situation in some pattern I countries in which HIV seroprevalence among drug injectors is either stably high or increasing only slightly. Also contrary to most pattern I countries, cocaine rather than heroin is the injected drug of choice in Argentina and Brazil. Given that injectors of cocaine are more likely to be HIV infected than are heroin injectors, differences in the type of drug injected between countries may have distinct epidemiological consequences on the spread of HIV.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:A1993LH04100003 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STD AIDS|
|Editorial:||SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||1993|
|Página de inicio:||135|