Fetal drug addiction as a consequence of maternal cocaine free base abuse during pregnancy

Mena M.; Navarrete P.; Corvalan, S; Bedregal P.


Background: Fetal drug addiction is a serious public health problem. In the United States 10 to 15% of children have been exposed in utero to cocaine. In a Chilean public health service, more than 200 offspring of cocaine free base abuser have been detected. Aim: To analyze the clinical and social features of 100 children exposed to cocain le free base during fetal development. Patients and methods: Clinical features of children born from cocaine free base consume mothers were described at birth. During subsequent followup, growth and development, disease episodes, developmental alterations and social situation were recorded. Data was compared with other newborns from the same health service. Results! Compared to their normal counterparts, exposed children has a lower birth weight, the frequency of premature babies was thrice higher, and small-for-gestational age children were four times more common. There was also a higher prevalence of cardiac malformations, seizures and apnea. Hospital admissions were more frequent, prolonged and required more complex facilities. During follow up, undernutrition and stunting were more prevalent. Psychomotor: retardation was present in 67% of children and behavior al disturbances ill 93%. Most of these children are governmental protection. Conclusions: Strategies to prevent drug abuse during pregnancy and its devastating medical and social consequences should he urgently developed.

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Título según WOS: Fetal drug addiction as a consequence of maternal cocaine free base abuse during pregnancy
Título de la Revista: Revista Médica de Chile
Volumen: 128
Número: 10
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 2000
Página de inicio: 1093
Página final: 1100
Idioma: Spanish
Notas: ISI