Primary production and biomass of size-fractionated phytoplankton off Antofagasta, Chile (23-24 degrees S) during pre-El Nino and El Nino 1997
During a major study focusing on the fate of primary production through the food web in an upwelling system located in the Humboldt Current System, Antofagasta, Chile (23-24 degrees S), we examined the spatial variation of phytoplankton size structure, One of the main objectives was to estimate primary production ((14)C) and chlorophyll-a biomass for three phytoplankton size fractions; pico-, nano- and micro-phytoplankton, at coastal (<10 nmi) and oceanic (20-200 nmi) stations during two research cruises, January (pre-El Nino) and July 1997 (El Nino). During January, primary production ranged from 0.5 to 9.5 mg C m(-3) h(-1) (mean = 3.1 mg m-3 h(-1)). Close inshore, pico- and nanoplankton size fractions accounted for 79% of total primary production and 63% of total chlorophyll-a, while these fractions accounted for 88% of total production and 70% of total chlorophyll-a in offshore oceanic waters. The micro-phytoplankton fraction (> 23 mu m) increased its relative contribution to primary production from oceanic (12%) to coastal (21%) stations and was related to an upwelling process which was restricted to a narrow inshore band (< 15 nmi). During July (El Nino conditions), primary productivity ranged from 0.39 to 10.7 mg C m(-3) h(-1) (mean = 3.4 mg C m(-3) h(-1)). The pico- and nanoplankton fractions dominated both oceanic and coastal stations and both fractions accounted for 67% of the primary production and chlorophyll-a biomass, We suggest that an oceanographic anomaly observed during July (1997 El Nino), associated with the intrusion of warmer oceanic waters to the coastal border, reduced the upwelling of nutrient-rich waters in the upper 200 m to a narrow coastal band (< 6 nmi) leading to a higher dominance of pico- and nanoplankton populations in inshore waters. These observations show that pico- and nanoplankton size fractions make a significant contribution to the production and biomass, and may thus represent an alternative energy flow pathway within this upwelling area. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Primary production and biomass of size-fractionated phytoplankton off Antofagasta, Chile (23-24 degrees S) during pre-El Nino and El Nino 1997|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Primary production and biomass of size-fractionated phytoplankton off Antofagasta, Chile (23-24°S) during pre-El Nino and El Nino 1997|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS|
|Fecha de publicación:||2000|
|Página de inicio:||37|