Swirling granular solidlike clusters

Scherer, MA; Kotter, K; Markus M; Goles, E.; Rehberg, I


Experiments and three-dimensional numerical simulations are presented to elucidate the dynamics of granular material in a cylindrical dish driven by a horizontal, periodic motion. The following phenomena are obtained both in the experiments and in the simulations: First, for large particle numbers N the particles describe hypocycloidal trajectories. In this state the particles are embedded in a solidlike cluster (pancake) which counter-rotates with respect to the external driving (reptation). Self-organization within the cluster occurs such that the probability distribution of the particles consists of concentric rings. Second, the system undergoes phase transitions. These can be identified by changes of the quantity dE(kin)/dN (E(kin) is the mean kinetic energy) between zero (rotation), positive (reptation), and negative values (appearance of the totality of concentric rings).

Más información

Título según WOS: Swirling granular solidlike clusters
Título según SCOPUS: Swirling granular solidlike clusters
Título de la Revista: PHYSICAL REVIEW E
Volumen: 61
Número: 4
Editorial: American Physical Society
Fecha de publicación: 2000
Página de inicio: 4069
Página final: 4077
Idioma: English
URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.61.4069