Mortality due to congenital malformations in Chile (1969-1997)

Bedregal P.; Orfali, C; Norero, E; Vercellino, M

Abstract

Background: Congenital malformations are defined as those structural, metabolic of functional defects found at birth. Aim To study the mortality due to congenital malformations in Chile between 1963 and 1997, their type, individual, temporal and geographic variations. Material and Methods: A descriptive analisis of deaths registered by the National Statistics Institute and the Ministry of Health. Means, frequency, raw and adjusted rates were calculated and inferences for some variables were carried out. Results: Between 1969 and 1997 ther was tendency towards a reduction in rates of mortality due to congenital malformations and an increment in their relative importance. During the period the risk for chromosome (98%) and osteomuscular (67%) malformations increased. Men and children of less than one year had the higher risk. In 1995, 1167 deaths due to congenital malformations were registered, 90% in children of less than 5 years. Higher risks occurred in urban zones (with a rate of 8.25 per 100,000) in the third region (rate 11.59) and second region (rate 11.2). Most deaths occurred in hospitals (85%). Main causes of death were circulatory system, central nervous system and chromosome malformations. Conclusions: The differences in regional deaths due to congenital malformations suggests specific risks that deserve further study.

Más información

Título según WOS: Mortality due to congenital malformations in Chile (1969-1997)
Título de la Revista: Revista Médica de Chile
Volumen: 128
Número: 4
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 2000
Página de inicio: 392
Página final: 398
Idioma: Spanish
Notas: ISI