Effects of copper on the fitness of the Chilean scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Mollusca : Bivalvia)
Exposure to high concentrations of metals can affect populations and individuals at morphological, physiological, biochemical or genetic levels. Metal pollution is a source of environmental stress that can have deleterious effects on organisms and generate selective pressure upon populations. This work attempts to establish whether concentrations of copper, above physiological requirements, can affect the genetic structure of a cohort of Chilean scallop Argopecten purpuratus. Following the determination of LC(50) for 96 h experiments, other acute toxicity tests were carried out, exposing the juveniles to solutions of 150 ppb copper for 120 h. Dead, surviving and control individuals from these bioassays were genetically characterized for five polymorphic loci, Isocitrate dehydrogenase (Idh), Octopine dehydrogenase (Ocdh), Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (Pgd), Leucine aminopeptidase (Lap) and Phosphoglucose isomerase (Pgi). Results showed no significant differences in allele and genotypic frequencies between surviving and dead individuals, although for the same groups significant differences were found in estimated mean heterozygosity. Pgi and Ocdh showed significantly different heterozygosity values for dead and surviving individuals. A positive relationship between multilocus heterozygosity and survival was found for young A. purpuratus exposed to high copper concentrations; thus, we found evidence of a differential response to exposure to high copper concentrations, related to degree of heterozygosity.
|Título según WOS:||Effects of copper on the fitness of the Chilean scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Mollusca : Bivalvia)|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Effects of copper on the fitness of the Chilean scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Mollusca: Bivalvia)|
|Título de la Revista:||HYDROBIOLOGIA|
|Fecha de publicación:||2000|
|Página de inicio:||185|