Evidence for shear-induced increase in membrane fluidity in the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum
Fluid shear stress has been demonstrated to affect the structure and function of various cell types. In mammalian cells, it was hypothesized that shear-induced membrane fluidization leads to activation of heterotrimetric G-proteins. The purpose of this study was to determine if a similar mechanism exists in the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum, a single-celled eukaryotic aquatic organism that bioluminesces under shear stress. Membrane fluidity changes in L. polyedrum were monitored using the molecular rotor 9-(dicyanovinyl)-julolidine, whose fluorescence intensity changes inversely with membrane fluidity. Dual-staining with 9-(dicyanovinyl)julolidine and the membrane dye 1-(4-trimethylammoniumphenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene p-toluenesulfonate indicates membrane localization. Subjecting L. polyedrum cells to increasing shear stress reversibly decreased 9-(dicyanovinyl)-julolidine fluorescence, while autofluorescence of the cytoplasmic chlorophyll did not change. The relationship between shear stress (0.63 Pa, 1.25 Pa, 1.88 Pa, and 2.5 Pa) and membrane fluidity changes was linear and dose-dependent with a 12% increase in fluidity at 2.5 Pa. To further explore this mechanism a membrane fluidizing agent, dimethyl sulfoxide was added. Dimethyl sulfoxide decreased 9-(dicyanovinyl)-julolidine emission by 41 +/- 15% and elicited a dose-dependent bioluminescent response at concentrations of 0.2%, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.25%. This study demonstrates a link between fluid shear stress and membrane fluidity, and suggests that the membrane is an important flow mechanosensor of dinoflagellates.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000177173300007 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A-NEUROETHOLOGY SENSORY NEURAL AND BEHAVIORAL PHYSIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2002|
|Página de inicio:||409|