Studies of aminochrome toxicity in a mouse derived neuronal cell line: is this toxicity mediated via glutamate transmission?
Aminochrome was found to be toxic in a mouse-derived neuronal cell line (CNh). The effect was concentration dependent (10-150 mu M). The issue whether aminochrome toxicity involves glutamate transmission was studied with several glutamate receptors antagonists. Incubation of the cells with aminochrome (150 mu M) in the presence of 100 mu M of the AMPA antagonist, NBQX resulted in an increase of cell survival, from 52 to 73%. However, this protective effect did not seem to be related to activation of ionotropic glutamate receptors since incubation of CNh cells with 200 mu M of glutamate resulted in only 10% decrease of cell survival. However, NBQX was found to inhibit in vitro the autoxidation process. One hundred mu M AP-5 did not have any effect on aminochrome toxicity. The toxic effect of aminochrome on CNh cells seems to be dependent of extracellular activation since addition of dicoumarol, a specific inhibitor of DT-diaphorase, did not affect that toxicity, which can be explained perhaps by a lack of a transport system for aminochrome into the CNh cells.
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|Studies of aminochrome toxicity in a mouse derived neuronal cell line: is this toxicity mediated via glutamate transmission?
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|Studies of aminochrome toxicity in a mouse derived neuronal cell line: Is this toxicity mediated via glutamate transmission?
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