Regulation of polar auxin transport in grapevine fruitlets (Vitis vinifera L.) and the proposed role of auxin homeostasis during fruit abscission.

Kühn, Nathalie;Serrano, Alejandra;Abello, Carlos;Arce, Aníbal;Espinoza, Carmen;Gouthu, Satyanarayana;Deluc, Laurent;Arce-Johnson, Patricio

Keywords: Auxin homeostasis, Fruitlet abscission, Grapevine, IAA, PIN efflux facilitators, Polar auxin transport


Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the most abundant auxin, is a growth promoter hormone involved in several developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is very important to its function and this is achieved through the regulation of IAA biosynthesis, conjugation, degradation and transport. In grapevine, IAA plays an essential role during initial stages of berry development, since it delays fruitlet abscission by reducing the ethylene sensitivity in the abscission zone. For this reason, Continuous polar IAA transport to the pedicel is required. This kind of transport is controlled by IAA, which regulates its own movement by modifying the expression and localization of PIN-FORMED (PIN) auxin efflux facilitators that localize asymmetrically within the cell. On the other hand, the hormone gibberellin (GA) also activates the polar auxin transport by increasing PIN stability. In Vitis vinifera, fruitlet abscission occurs during the first two to three weeks after flowering. During this time, IAA and GA are present, however the role of these hormones in the control of polar auxin transport is unknown.

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Título de la Revista: BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
Editorial: BMC
Fecha de publicación: 2016