Novel antibiofouling thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes (TFC-RO) by in situ formation of copper oligomer complex

A. Garcia; B. Rodriguez; M. Rosales; M. Flores; Y. Quintero

Keywords: thin-film composite membrane, reverse osmosis, antibiofouling, copper oligomer.


In situ formation of a Cu-(m-phenylenediamine) (Cu-mPD) oligomer complex from copper salt during the interfacial polymerization process was successfully employed to produce modified thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes (TFC-RO) with antibiofouling properties. Membranes were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy, and contact angle measurements. Antibiofouling properties were studied using a colony-forming unit test with Escherichia coli. Moreover, antiadhesion test was developed using fluorescence microscopy. Membrane performance using a cross-flow cell was evaluated, and copper concentration in permeate water was measured. FTIR, XPS and XRD results confirmed the formation of a Cu-mPD oligomer complex and its incorporation into the polyamide layer. The modified membrane showed a slight decrease in hydrophilicity and higher surface roughness. However, excellent antibacterial and antiadhesion effects were observed, attributed to copper toxicity as a result of Cu+2 ions release from the membrane surface. Release of copper ions in the permeate water was determined, and the maximum value observed was considered negligible according to the World Health Organization. The desalination performance of modified membrane showed an important salt rejection with stable water flux. In conclusion, a novel chemical method for the incorporation of Cu-mPD oligomer complex into the polyamide layer of TFC-RO membranes to improve their antibiofouling properties and desalination performance was achieved.

Más información

Editorial: Aladyr
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Año de Inicio/Término: 9-11 Octubre 2018
Página final: 1
Notas: Presentación oral, área tecnologías para desalinización