Tibolone attenuates inflammatory response by palmitic acid and preserves mitochondrial membrane potential in astrocytic cells through estrogen receptor beta.

González-Giraldo Y, Forero DA, Echeverria V, Garcia-Segura LM, Barreto GE

Keywords: gene expression, astrocytes, estrogen receptors, tibolone, palmitic acid


Palmitic acid (PA) induces several metabolic and molecular changes in astrocytes, and, it is involved in pathological conditions related to neurodegenerative diseases. Previously, we demonstrated that tibolone, a synthetic steroid with estrogenic, progestogenic and androgenic actions, protects cells from mitochondrial damage and morphological changes induced by PA. Here, we have evaluated which estrogen receptor is involved in protective actions of tibolone and analyzed whether tibolone reverses gene expression changes induced by PA. Tibolone actions on astrocytic cells were mimicked by agonists of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and β (ERβ), but the blockade of both ERs suggested a predominance of ERβ on mitochondria membrane potential. Expression analysis showed a significant effect of tibolone on genes associated with inflammation such as IL6, IL1B and miR155-3p. It is noteworthy that tibolone attenuated the increased expression of TERT, TERC and DNMT3B genes induced by palmitic acid. Our results suggest that tibolone has anti-inflammatory effects and can modulate pathways associated with DNA methylation and telomeric complex. However, future studies are needed to elucidate the role of epigenetic mechanisms and telomere-associated proteins on tibolone actions.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Mol Cell Endocrinol
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Idioma: Inglés
Notas: WOS