[Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy: clinical experience].

González AG, Cortínez LI, De la Cuadra JC, Carrasco E, Rioseco A, Léniz P.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of propofol and succinylcholine in obtaining optimal convulsions and assuring patient safety during electroconvulsive therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy under general anesthesia with propofol and succinylcholine. We recorded patient characteristics, doses of propofol and succinylcholine, electroencephalographically-recorded duration of convulsions, and complications. Descriptive statistics were compiled and the data were subjected to analysis of correlations, comparison with the Student t test for independent samples, the Mann-Whitney U test, and analysis of variance. RESULTS: We studied 108 patients, 62% women and 38% men, 80% classified as ASA 1 and 20% as ASA 2. The patients underwent 844 sessions of electroconvulsive therapy; their mean (SD) age was 39.95 (18.09) years. The doses of propofol and succinylcholine were 1.34 (0.32) mgxkg(-1) and 1.35 (0.26) mgxkg(-1), respectively. The mean recorded duration of the first convulsion (29.87 [22.42] seconds) was negatively correlated with age (r = -0.12) and unrelated to propofol dose (r = 0.06) or body weight (r = 0.02). Male and schizophrenic patients had longer-lasting convulsions (P < .01). Cardiovascular complications occurred in 2.4% and psychomotor agitation in 1.4%; there were no respiratory complications, musculoskeletal injuries, nausea, or vomiting. CONCLUSIONS: Electroconvulsive therapy can be safely applied in an operating room or similar space undergeneral anesthesia and with a neuromuscular blockade in order to prevent psychological or musculoskeletal trauma. Propofol did not affect the convulsions at the dosages administered.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2007 Aug-Sep;54(7):414-20. Spanish.
Volumen: 54
Número: 7
Fecha de publicación: 2007
Página de inicio: 414
Página final: 420
Idioma: Español
Notas: [Indexed for MEDLINE]