Subset of hybrid eukaryotic proteins is exported by the type I secretion system of Erwinia chrysanthemi
Erwinia chrysanthemi exports degradative enzymes by using a type I protein secretion system. The proteases secreted by this system lack an N-terminal signal peptide but contain a C-terminal secretion signal. To explore the substrate specificity of this system, we have expressed the E. chrysanthemi transporter system (prtDEF genes) in Escherichia coil and tested the ability of this ABC transporter to export hybrid proteins carrying C-terminal fragments of E. chrysanthemi protease B. The C terminus contains six glycine-rich repeated motifs, followed by two repeats of the sequences DFLV and DIIV. Two types of hybrid proteins were assayed for transport, proteins with the 93-residue-protease-B C terminus containing one glycine-rich repeat and both hydrophobic terminal repeats and proteins with the 181-residue C terminus containing all repeat motifs. Although the shorter C terminus is unable to export the hybrids, the longer C terminus can promote the secretion of hybrid proteins with N termini as large as 424 amino acids, showing that the glycine-rich motifs are required for the efficient secretion of these hybrids. However, the secretion of hybrids occurs only if these proteins do not carry disulfide bonds in their mature structures. These latter results suggest that disulfide bond formation can occur prior to or during the secretion. Disulfide bonds may prevent type I secretion of hybrids. One simple hypothesis to explain these results is that the type I channel is too narrow to permit the export of proteins with secondary structures stabilized by disulfide bonds.
|Título según WOS:||Subset of hybrid eukaryotic proteins is exported by the type I secretion system of Erwinia chrysanthemi|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Subset of hybrid eukaryotic proteins is exported by the type I secretion system of Erwinia chrysanthemi|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY|
|Editorial:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2001|
|Página de inicio:||1346|