On the relevance of vitamins C and E during embryonic and paralarval development of Patagonian red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus

Hernandez, J.; Uriarte, Iker; Montes de Oca M.; Farias, A.


In recent years there has been a great advance in the knowledge and production of juveniles of the Patagonian red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus. However, despite these remarkable advances in its rearing, there is still a lack of important knowledge in the nutrition of their embryo and paralarvae. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol in the eggs with embryonic development and the paralarvae of E. megalocyathus, under normal and stress conditions of rearing. Both stages are the most critical in the controlled aquaculture of this species. The results show that, during standard conditions of embryonic incubation, vitamin C levels decrease from 70 to 15 μg/egg throughout the development, whereas vitamin E content remains stable. Under hypo-osmotic stress, the vitamin C content of eggs with embryonic development is reduced from a control value of 5.7 μg/egg to 3.8 μg/egg, and vitamin E seems unaffected by this stress condition. Paralarvae of E. megalocyathus fed with vitamin C-enriched Artemia did not show significant differences in survival, growth or vitamin E content. But they displayed a higher vitamin C content at 21 DAH (days after hatching). On the other hand, vitamin E levels did vary throughout paralarvae development, peaking at 21 DAH. We discuss the potential relationship between these vitamins uses and the reproductive processes as well as dietary implications for breeders under conditioning or for paralarvae rearing.

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Título de la Revista: AQUACULTURE
Volumen: 501
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 502
Página final: 506
Idioma: English


Notas: WOS