Validation of a critical nitrogen dilution curve for hybrid ryegrasses
One of the challenges of modern grassland systems is to minimize nitrogen (N) fertilization without negatively affecting the forage yield. Therefore, critical N dilution curves (Nc = a(c) W-b) have been developed in different species to improve N fertilization management. The aim of this study was to validate a critical N dilution curve for hybrid ryegrasses. Two field experiments were conducted in southern Chile. Treatments were the factorial combination of two hybrid ryegrasses (Shogun and Trojan cultivars) and seven N fertilization rates (0, 50, 100, 200, 350, 525 and 700 kg N/ha). Factors were arranged in a split-plot design, where forage species were assigned to main plots and N rates to subplots that were randomized into four blocks. A wide range in forage yield and plant N concentration was observed (yield: 0.16 and 3.9 Mg DM/ha and N: 1.6% and 5.1%). The variations in these traits were principally explained by the N levels and harvest times. Relative yield responses of both cultivars were significantly (p , R-2 = 0.81-0.87) related to the nitrogen nutrition index (NNI) calculated with different critical N dilution curves. However, the NNI calculated with N dilution curves from annual ryegrass best described the relative yield response of hybrid ryegrass. Therefore, this validated critical N dilution curve (%N-c = 4.1W(-0.38)) will serve as a useful diagnosis tool for improving the N fertilization management of grazing systems for hybrid ryegrasses.
|Título según WOS:||Validation of a critical nitrogen dilution curve for hybrid ryegrasses|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Validation of a critical nitrogen dilution curve for hybrid ryegrasses|
|Título de la Revista:||GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|
|Página de inicio:||370|