Novel mechanism for regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor endocytosis revealed by protein kinase A inhibition
Current models put forward that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is efficiently internalized via clathrin-coated pits only in response to ligand-induced activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase and is subsequently directed into a lysosomal-proteasomal degradation pathway by mechanisms that include receptor tyrosine phosphorylation and ubiquitylation. Herein, we report a novel mechanism of EGFR internalization that does not require ligand binding, receptor kinase activity, or ubiquitylation and does not direct the receptor into a degradative pathway. Inhibition of basal protein kinase A (PKA) activity by H89 and the cell-permeable substrate peptide Myr-PKI induced internalization of 40-60% unoccupied, inactive EGFR, and its accumulation into early endosomes without affecting endocytosis of transferrin and ?-opioid receptors. This effect was abrogated by interfering with clathrin function. Thus, the predominant distribution of inactive EGFR at the plasma membrane is not simply by default but involves a PKA-dependent restrictive condition resulting in receptor avoidance of endocytosis until it is stimulated by ligand. Furthermore, PKA inhibition may contribute to ligand-induced EGFR endocytosis because epidermal growth factor inhibited 26% of PKA basal activity. On the other hand, H89 did not alter ligand-induced internalization of EGFR but doubled its half-time of down-regulation by retarding its segregation into degradative compartments, seemingly due to a delay in the receptor tyrosine phosphorylation and ubiquitylation. Our results reveal that PKA basal activity controls EGFR function at two levels: 1) residence time of inactive EGFR at the cell surface by a process of "endocytic evasion," modulating the accessibility of receptors to stimuli; and 2) sorting events leading to the down-regulation pathway of ligand-activated EGFR, determining the length of its intracellular signaling. They add a new dimension to the fine-tuning of EGFR function in response to cellular demands and cross talk with other signaling receptors.
|Título según WOS:||Novel mechanism for regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor endocytosis revealed by protein kinase A inhibition|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Novel mechanism for regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor endocytosis revealed by protein kinase A inhibition|
|Título de la Revista:||MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL|
|Editorial:||AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2002|
|Página de inicio:||1677|