Chemical evaluation and thermal behavior of Chilean hazelnut oil (Gevuina avellana Mol) a comparative study with extra virgin olive oil
There is a growing interest in the study of oils from native fruits, especially when the oil has high quality. In this sense it is mandatory to evaluate the oxidative stability and the relationship with the modifications of the fatty acid content, physicochemical parameters, the antioxidant capacity and its protection against the thermal deterioration processes. The fatty acid profiles of Chilean hazelnut oil showed a relevant presence of the omega series (-9, -5, and -9) with good stability across the thermal treatment. The physico-chemical parameters such as polar compounds and absorption coefficients K-232 and K-270 showed a similar behavior compared with olive oil oxidation in the range of 25-360 degrees C. The antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content in olive oil is significatively higher than Chilean hazelnut oil at 25 degrees C; however, this antioxidant capacity decreases in the olive oil after 100 degrees C; until 247 degrees C the antioxidant capacities for both oils are equalized. Total phenolic content of olive oil diminishes after 100 degrees C until the final study temperature (360 degrees C), where its concentration is very similar to Chilean hazelnut oil. The results of the thermogravimetric and differential analysis in the range of 100-700 degrees C show that the thermal oxidative decomposition processes occurred in both samples mainly in three steps with a total mass loss for olive oil and Chilean hazelnut oil of 99.7% and 99.9%, respectively. It is important to note that hazelnut oil remains thermally stable up to 247 degrees C just a few degrees lower than olive oil (252 degrees C).
|Título según WOS:||Chemical evaluation and thermal behavior of Chilean hazelnut oil (Gevuina avellana Mol) a comparative study with extra virgin olive oil|
|Título de la Revista:||EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY|
|Editorial:||Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|