Expression of Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptors in human prostate cancer

RIVAS, Coralia I.; Vera, Juan C.; Delgado-Lopez, Fernando; Heaney, Mark L.; Guaiquil, Victor H.; Zhang, Rong H.; Scher, HI; CONCHA, Ilona I.; Nualart, Francisco; Cordon-Cardo, Carlos; Golde, David W.


We studied the expression and function of the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptor in the human prostate carcinoma cell line LNCaP and looked for its presence in normal and neoplastic human prostatic tissue. The GM-CSF receptor is composed of two subunits, alpha and beta. While the isolated alpha subunit binds GM-CSF at low-affinity, the isolated beta subunit does not bind GM-CSF by itself; but complexes with the alpha subunit to form a high-affinity receptor. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed expression of mRNAs encoding the alpha and beta subunits of the GM-CSF receptor in LNCaP cells, and the presence of the alpha and beta proteins was confirmed by immunolocalization with anti-alpha and anti-beta antibodies. Receptor binding studies using radiolabeled GM-CSF showed that LNCaP cells have about 150 high-affinity sites with a kd of 40 pmol/L and approximately 750 low-affinity sites with a kd of 2 nmol/L. GM-CSF signaled, in a time- and dose-dependent manner, for protein tyrosine phosphorylation and induced the proliferation of the LNCaP cells. Immunolocalization studies showed low level expression of GM-CSF alpha and beta subunits in normal prostate tissue, with substantial expression in benign prostatic hyperplasia and prominent expression in neoplastic prostate tissue. Maximal expression of both subunits was observed in prostatic carcinomas metastatic to lymph node and bone. Tumor cells that stained positively with anti-alpha subunit antibodies were also reactive with anti-beta subunit antibodies, indicating that they express high-affinity GM-CSF receptors. Our data show that the LNCaP cells express functional GM-CSF receptors and that prostatic carcinomas have prominent GM-CSF receptor expression. These findings imply that both hyperplastic and neoplastic prostatic tissues may be responsive to GM-CSF

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Título de la Revista: BLOOD
Volumen: 91
Número: 3
Fecha de publicación: 1998
Página de inicio: 1037
Página final: 1043
Idioma: english

PMID: 9446667

Notas: ISI