Comprehensive Characterization of 2 Immature Teeth Treated with Regenerative Endodontic Procedures

Austah, Obadah; Joon, Ruchika; Fath, Weston M.; Chrepa, Vanessa; Diogenes, Anibal; Ezeldeen, Mostafa; Couve, Eduardo; Ruparel, Nikita B.


Introduction: Regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex is the penultimate goal of regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs). Histological outcomes have demonstrated reparative tissue formation in human teeth extracted post-REPs. However, lack of accurate characterization has precluded identification of the true nature of tissues formed post-REP. Methods: Here, we present 2 case reports of tooth #29 and #9 treated with REPs and demonstrate their clinical, radiographic, and histological outcomes. Results: Clinical outcomes revealed healing of apical periodontitis in both teeth and re-establishment of vitality responses in tooth #29. Moreover, radiographic assessments using 2D and 3D-volumetric analyses demonstrate considerable increase in root development for both teeth. Further, histological outcomes evaluated using Hematoxylin and Eosin and immuno-histochemical staining demonstrates presence of vascular and lymphatic structures as well as immune cell markers indicative of regeneration of an immuno-competent pulp. Lastly, examination of hard tissue deposition shows dentin-like tissue in parts of tooth #29 demonstrating for the first time, regeneration of a pulp-dentin complex post-REP. Conclusions: Collectively, this is the first study demonstrating recapitulation of several tissues commonly found as part of a pulp-dentin complex in teeth treated with REPs.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000453644700006 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS
Volumen: 44
Número: 12
Editorial: Elsevier Science Inc.
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Página de inicio: 1802
Página final: 1811


Notas: ISI