Obesity: risk factor or primary disease?

Constanza Aguilera; Tomás Labbé; Javiera Busquets; Pía Venegas ; Carolina Neira; Álex Valenzuela

Keywords: obesity, public health, preventive medicine, metabolic syndrome


Obesity is a global health problem. Its worldwide prevalence has tripled between 1975 and 2016, reaching a prevalence in Chile of 34.4%, according to the National Health Survey 2016-2017. If this condition corresponds to a risk factor or primary disease is a widely discussed issue. It is recognized as a disease by the American Medical Association and World Health Organization, based on its metabolic and hormonal features, such as dysregulation of appetite, abnormal energy balance and endocrine dysfunction, among others. Its main environmental risk factors are the consumption of ultra-processed foods and sedentariness. Preventive measures at the population level are fundamental, emphasizing promotion and prevention using a transdisciplinary approach. The individual approach in the management of obesity should improve the quality of life, avoid early mortality, reduce cardiovascular risk, and reduce the progression to type 2 diabetes and incidence of cancer. Thus, an adequate management and control of obesity would have a great impact in our society.

Más información

Título según WOS: Obesity: risk factor or primary disease?
Título según SCOPUS: Obesity: risk factor or primary disease? [Obesidad: ¿Factor de riesgo o enfermedad?]
Título según SCIELO: Obesidad: ¿Factor de riesgo o enfermedad?
Título de la Revista: REVISTA MEDICA DE CHILE
Volumen: 147
Número: 4
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 470
Página final: 474
Idioma: Spanish