Psychomotor development and cortisol salivary levels in infants that live with their inmate mothers

Gia Haquin Macari; Adriana Gallardo Tapia; German Iñiguez; Gerardo Weisstaub

Keywords: infants, stress, cortisol, saliva, psychomotor development, estrés, lactantes, centro de salud familiar, Family Health Center, Desarrollo psicomotor, centro penitenciario, penitentiary center

Abstract

In Chile, the prison system has a program that allows inmate mothers to live with their children under two years of age. This could imply that these children are more exposed to stress conditions and a higher psychomotor developmental delay (PDD) risk. Objective: To compare the PDD and salivary cortisol concentrations (SCC) of children living in prison with their mothers and to compare the results with control children. Subjects and Method: Cross-sectional study in 42 infants, 12 of them are children of inmate mothers in the penitentiary center (CPF) of Santiago, and 30 controls from a Primary Care Family Health Center (CESFAM). PDD of infants was assessed through the ASQ-3 questionnaire and salivary cortisol was measured in infants and mothers using radioimmunoassay. Results: The median salivary cortisol level of the children of CPF and CESFAM mothers was 2.3 ng/ml (IQR 1.1 to 2.7) and 2.1 ng/ml (IQR 1.6 to 2, 9) respectively. Maternal cortisol was 4.6 ng/ml (IQR 3.8 to 7.3) in the CPF and 3.7 ng/ml (IQR 2.4 to 4.7) in the CESFAM. The PDD deficit was 2.3% and 28.5% for children from the CPF and the CESFAM respectively, without statistical difference (p = 0.06). Conclusions: There was no difference in the PDD and salivary cortisol between children of both groups.

Más información

Título según SCOPUS: Psychomotor development and cortisol salivary levels in infants that live with their inmate mothers [Desarrollo psicomotor y cortisol salival en niños que viven juntos a sus madres privadas de libertad]
Título según SCIELO: Desarrollo psicomotor y cortisol salival en niños que viven juntos a sus madres privadas de libertad
Título de la Revista: REVISTA CHILENA DE PEDIATRIA
Volumen: 90
Número: 3
Editorial: Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 275
Página final: 282
Idioma: Spanish
DOI:

10.32641/rchped.v90i3.690

Notas: WOS-ESCI, SCIELO, SCOPUS