Effects of Aspirin on Rat Fetuses with Reduction of Uterine Perfusion Pressure

Daniel Conei; Ditsa Cáceres-Gutiérrez; Michael Haverbeck; Roberto Fierro; Carlos Veuthey; Mariano del-Sol; Mariana Rojas-Rauco

Keywords: preeclampsia, blood pressure, aspirin, presión arterial, Aspirina, Hipertensión inducida por el embarazo, Pregnancy induced hypertension

Abstract

Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder induced by pregnancy where there is a reduction in the uterine perfusion pressure. Research supports the use of low dose aspirin (LDAAS) and its usefulness in the prevention of PE in pregnant women with risk factors. Their benefits in animal models subject to RUPP are not determined. The objective of the investigation was to analyze the systemic blood pressure and the morphological findings at renal level in fetuses of rats with reduction of uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) exposed to LDAAS compared to those not exposed. Four groups of pregnant female rats Sprague Dawley (n-5) were formed. At 14.5 days post-conception (dpc), surgical RUPP was induced, ligating uterine arteries, with the RUPP group and RUPP+LDAAS group being given 5 mg/kg/day of aspirin orally. The control group was made up of those not operated and the LDAAS group was administered aspirin in the same dose from 14.5 dpc. A 18.5 dpc, prior to euthanasia systemic blood pressure was measured with flow plethysmograph Insight v2.11 and fetuses were extracted. The cephalo-caudal length (CCL) was measured, processed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin, describing transverse histological sections at the kidney level. It was determined that in the mean arterial pressure, there were significant differences between the group RUPP and RUPP I LDAAS (p <0.05). The size of the fetuses was lower in the RUPP group (p <0.0001), where one fetus presented congenital umbilical hernia. The quantification of renal vesicles was also lower (p <0.005). In conclusion, the administration of LDAAS decreases the effects induced by RUPP in terms of fetal size, renal morphology and congenital malformations such as umbilical hernia. Regarding the systemic blood pressure, effects would only mean arterial pressure.

Más información

Título según WOS: Effects of Aspirin on Rat Fetuses with Reduction of Uterine Perfusion Pressure
Título según SCOPUS: Effects of aspirin on rat fetuses with reduction of uterine perfusion pressure [Efectos de la aspirina en fetos de rata con reducción de la presión de la perfusión uterina]
Título según SCIELO: Efectos de la Aspirina en Fetos de Rata con Reducción de la Presión de la Perfusión Uterina
Título de la Revista: International Journal of Morphology
Volumen: 37
Número: 2
Editorial: Dr. Mariano Del Sol. Universidad de la Frontera, Chile.
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 739
Página final: 743
Idioma: Spanish
DOI:

10.4067/S0717-95022019000200739

Notas: ISI, SCIELO, SCOPUS