From Inca province to repartimiento: Tarapaca in the XVth and XVIth centuries (South Central Andes)

Simón Urbina; Mauricio Uribe; Carolina Agüero; Colleen Zori

Keywords: tarapaca, historia regional

Abstract

The Inca Empire reorganized conquered populations in different jurisdictions imposing the decimal system over local chieftainships or curacazgos, creating new provinces or administrative units where the local authorities lost, maintained or amplified their regional power. The system of encomiendas implemented by early Hispanic conquerors instrumentalized the indigenous political organization active in Inca times as a strategy to maintain the cohesion of the social units (tributaries) that supported the economy in each repartimiento and the payment of taxes that curacas had to give annually to the encomendero. The ethnohistorical study of Tarapaca (Lat. S 19 degrees-21 degrees) allows us to point out crucial aspects related to Inca expansionary policy in this territory, the manipulation of inherited political structures by the Spaniards, the organization of its populations, settlements and authorities, as well as the economic structure regional in the 15th and 16th centuries, demonstrating the originality of some old research hypotheses and the degree of convergence and uniqueness of the political history of this region in the context of the South Central Andes.

Más información

Título según WOS: From Inca province to repartimiento: Tarapaca in the XVth and XVIth centuries (South Central Andes)
Título según SCIELO: De provincia inca a repartimiento: Tarapaca en los siglos XV y XVI (Andes Centro Sur)
Título de la Revista: ESTUDIOS ATACAMEÑOS
Número: 61
Editorial: Universidad Católica del Norte
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 219
Página final: 252
Idioma: Spanish
DOI:

10.4067/S0718-10432019005000302

Notas: ISI, SCIELO