Heterogeneous palladium SALOPHEN onto porous polymeric microspheres as catalysts for Heck reaction
Catalysts based on porous polymeric microspheres were prepared from N,N'-Bis(3,3'-allylsalicylidene)-o-phenylenediamine Pd(II) (PdAS) metallo-monomer, styrene (STY), and divinylbenzene (DVB) as co-monomers. The effects of the STY/PdAS mass ratio of co-monomers were investigated to synthesize the optimal catalyst. All the prepared materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N-2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), solid-state diffuse-reflectance UV Vis (DRS UV-Vis) spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Increasing the PdAS content from 1 to 5 wt%, based on the mass feed of monomers, produced well-defined spherical polymer resins with particle diameters of similar to 200 mu m and high surface areas (>500 m(2)/g). XPS spectra shown a unique Pd2+ signal associated with the PdAS complex immobilized on a porous resin matrix. The catalytic performances of porous polymer microspheres were evaluated for Heck reaction between iodobenzene and methyl acrylate to produce methyl cinnamate, giving up to 100 % selectivity for the trans-isomer. The resin with 5 wt% PdAS showed the best catalytic activity in methyl cinnamate synthesis. Finally, the best catalytic system was evaluated in octinoxate production producing the target product with the same levels of conversion and selectivity for trans-isomer as was detected for methyl cinnamate synthesis.
|Título según WOS:||Heterogeneous palladium SALOPHEN onto porous polymeric microspheres as catalysts for Heck reaction|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Heterogeneous palladium SALOPHEN onto porous polymeric microspheres as catalysts for heck reaction|
|Título de la Revista:||The Scientific Journal of IUPAC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|
|Página de inicio:||1651|