Preliminary Study on Effect of Early Defoliation on Dry Matter Accumulation and Storage of Reserves on 'Abbe Fetel' Pear Trees

Mesa, Karen; Serra, Sara; Masia, Andrea; Gagliardi, Federico; Bucci, Daniele; Musacchi, Stefano

Keywords: crop-load, dormancy stage, Pyrus communis, soluble carbohydrates, starch


Annual accumulation of starch is affected by carbon reserves stored in the organs during the growing season and is controlled mainly by sink strength gradients within the tree. However, unfavorable environmental conditions (e.g., hail events) or application of management practices (e.g., defoliation to enhance overcolor in bicolor apple) could influence the allocation of storage carbohydrates. This preliminary research was conducted to determine the effects of early defoliation on the dry matter, starch, and soluble carbohydrate dynamics in woody organs, roots, and mixed buds classified by age and two levels of crop-load for one growing season in 'Abbe Fetel' pear trees (Oct. 2012 to mid-Jan. 2013 in the northern hemisphere). Regardless of the organs evaluated (woody organs, roots, and mixed buds), an increase of soluble carbohydrate concentration was observed in these organs in the period between after harvest (October) and January (dormancy period). Among all organs, woody short-old spurs showed the highest increase (+93.5%) in soluble sugars. With respect to starch, woody organs showed a clear trend of decreasing in concentration between October and January. In this case, short-old spurs showed the smallest decline in starch concentrations, only 6.5%, whereas in other tree organs starch decreased by 34.5%. After harvest (October), leaves showed substantially higher starch and soluble sugar concentrations in trees with lower crop-loads. These results confirm that in the period between October and January, dynamic interconversions between starch and soluble carbohydrates occur at varying magnitudes among organs in pear trees.

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Título según WOS: Preliminary Study on Effect of Early Defoliation on Dry Matter Accumulation and Storage of Reserves on 'Abbe Fetel' Pear Trees
Título según SCOPUS: Preliminary study on effect of early defoliation on dry matter accumulation and storage of reserves on 'Abbé Fétel' pear trees
Título de la Revista: HortScience
Volumen: 54
Número: 12
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 2169
Página final: +
Idioma: English