Insights into the role of Zn and Ga in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol over Pd
The hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol is a viable alternative for reducing greenhouse gases net emissions as well as a route for hydrogen storage and transportation. In this context, the synthesis of active and selective catalysts is a relevant objective. In this work, we study the promotion of Pd with Ga and Zn in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol at 800 kPa and 220-280 degrees C. Mono and intermetallic catalysts (Pd/SiO2, Pd-Ga/SiO2 and Pd-Zn/ SiO2) were synthesized by incipient wetness impregnation with the aid of triethanolamine as an organic additive, obtaining similar average metal particle sizes (between 9 and 12 nm). Kinetic analysis reveals that the addition of Ga and Zn increases the turnover frequency for methanol formation by an order of magnitude without significant changes in the reaction rate of the reverse water-gas shift (r-WGS) which is a parallel undesired reaction. The selectivity to methanol (at 220 degrees C) thus increases from 3% for Pd/SiO2 to 12% for Pd-Ga/SiO2 and 30% for Pd-Zn/SiO2. XPS studies, Infrared analysis of CO adsorption, and XRD analyses show the presence of intermetallic phases Pd2Ga and PdZn on the surface. The results suggest that Ga and Zn promote Pd, increasing its activity towards the synthesis of methanol, by creating more active sites for this reaction. These sites are likely formed by intermetallic compounds such as Pd2Ga and PdZn. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Insights into the role of Zn and Ga in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol over Pd|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Insights into the role of Zn and Ga in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol over Pd|
|Título de la Revista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY|
|Editorial:||Springer New York|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|
|Página de inicio:||16526|