Comparative genomic analysis and molecular examination of the diversity of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolates from Chile
Author summary The study of enteric pathogens has progressed from examining single isolates to being able to integrate large amounts of genomic and epidemiological data. These types of analyses have allowed the identification of trends in the genomic data that would have remained unexamined with technologies that have less resolution. In the current study the genomic content of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) isolates from Chile was compared to that of previously sequenced isolates that represent the global distribution of ETEC. We identified genomic content and virulence factor combinations that are common and unique to ETEC in Chile compared to a global collection of ETEC. Completion of the extrachromosomal plasmids, which contained the majority of the virulence factors, also identified common genetic themes among ETEC from Chile. This study highlights the diversity of ETEC in Chile and provides additional avenues of research to examine these important human pathogens. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the most common diarrheal pathogens in the low- and middle-income regions of the world, however a systematic examination of the genomic content of isolates from Chile has not yet been undertaken. Whole genome sequencing and comparative analysis of a collection of 125 ETEC isolates from three geographic locations in Chile, allowed the interrogation of phylogenomic groups, sequence types and genes specific to isolates from the different geographic locations. A total of 80.8% (101/125) of the ETEC isolates were identified in E. coli phylogroup A, 15.2% (19/125) in phylogroup B, and 4.0% (5/125) in phylogroup E. The over-representation of genomes in phylogroup A was significantly different from other global ETEC genomic studies. The Chilean ETEC isolates could be further subdivided into sub-clades similar to previously defined global ETEC reference lineages that had conserved multi-locus sequence types and toxin profiles. Comparison of the gene content of the Chilean ETEC identified genes that were unique based on geographic location within Chile, phylogenomic classifications or sequence type. Completion of a limited number of genomes provided insight into the ETEC plasmid content, which is conserved in some phylogenomic groups and not conserved in others. These findings suggest that the Chilean ETEC isolates contain unique virulence factor combinations and genomic content compared to global reference ETEC isolates.
|Título según WOS:||Comparative genomic analysis and molecular examination of the diversity of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolates from Chile|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Comparative genomic analysis and molecular examination of the diversity of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolates from Chile|
|Título de la Revista:||PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES|
|Editorial:||PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|