Comparison of a stand-alone surface renewal method to weighing lysimetry and eddy covariance for determining vineyard evapotranspiration and vine water stress
Surface renewal (SR) is a biometeorological technique that uses high-frequency air temperature measurements above a plant canopy to estimate sensible heat flux. The sensible heat flux is then used to estimate latent heat flux as the residual of a surface energy balance equation. SR previously relied on calibration against other methods (e.g., eddy covariance) to obtain accurate measurements of sensible heat flux, and this need for calibration limited the use of SR to research applications. Our group recently showed that compensating for the frequency response characteristics of SR thermocouples causes the calibration factor to converge near the theoretically predicted value of 0.5 (Shapland et al., Agric For Meteorol 189:36-47, 2014). This led to the development of an inexpensive, stand-alone SR system to measure sensible heat flux without the need for calibration, and here we evaluated the SR system in a mature vineyard containing a weighing lysimeter. Vineyard evapotranspiration (ET) measured with SR was strongly and positively correlated with that from the lysimeter, eddy covariance, and a soil water budget approach. ET measured with the various techniques responded similarly to changes in the microclimatic conditions (i.e., day to day variability) and when water was withheld from the entire vineyard for an extended period. A stress index, calculated using reference and actual ET from SR and lysimetry, was correlated to leaf water potential, stomatal conductance, and volumetric soil water content measurements, but some of these relationships were more variable than others. Our results suggest that the new SR method could potentially be used as a low-cost tool to provide growers with field-specific estimates of crop water use and stress for irrigation management in vineyards.
|Título según WOS:||Comparison of a stand-alone surface renewal method to weighing lysimetry and eddy covariance for determining vineyard evapotranspiration and vine water stress|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Comparison of a stand-alone surface renewal method to weighing lysimetry and eddy covariance for determining vineyard evapotranspiration and vine water stress|
|Título de la Revista:||IRRIGATION SCIENCE|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|
|Página de inicio:||737|
|Notas:||ISI, SCOPUS - ISI, Scopus|