Hemodynamic and Pulmonary Permeability Characterization of Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome by Transpulmonary Thermodilution

Lopez, Rene; Perez-Araos, Rodrigo; Salazar, Alvaro; Ulloa, Ana L.; Vial, Cecilia; Vial, Pablo A.; Graf, Jeronimo

Abstract

Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is characterized by capillary leak, pulmonary edema (PE), and shock, which leads to death in up to 40% of patients. Treatment is supportive, including mechanical ventilation (MV) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Hemodynamic monitoring is critical to titrate therapy and to decide ECMO support. Transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) provides hemodynamic and PE data that have not been systematically used to understand HCPS pathophysiology. We identified 11 HCPS patients monitored with TPTD: eight on MV, three required ECMO. We analyzed 133 measurements to describe the hemodynamic pattern and its association with PE. The main findings were reduced stroke volume, global ejection fraction (GEF), and preload parameters associated with increased extravascular lung water and pulmonary vascular permeability compatible with hypovolemia, myocardial dysfunction, and increased permeability PE. Lung water correlated positively with heart rate (HR, r = 0.20) and negatively with mean arterial pressure (r = -0.27) and GEF (r = -0.36), suggesting that PE is linked to hemodynamic impairment. Pulmonary vascular permeability correlated positively with HR (r = 0.31) and negatively with cardiac index (r = -0.49), end-diastolic volume (r = -0.48), and GEF (r = -0.40), suggesting that capillary leak contributes to hypovolemia and systolic dysfunction. In conclusion, TPTD data suggest that in HCPS patients, increased permeability leads to PE, hypovolemia, and circulatory impairment.

Más información

Título según WOS: Hemodynamic and Pulmonary Permeability Characterization of Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome by Transpulmonary Thermodilution
Título según SCOPUS: Hemodynamic and pulmonary permeability characterization of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome by transpulmonary thermodilution
Título de la Revista: VIRUSES-BASEL
Volumen: 11
Número: 10
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Idioma: English
DOI:

10.3390/v11100900

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS