Depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being among Chilean university students

Rossi, José Luis; Jiménez, Juan Pablo; Barros, Paulina; Assar, Rodrigo; Jaramillo, Karina; Herrera, Luisa; Quevedo, Yamil; Botto, Alberto; Leighton, Caroline; Martínez, Felipe

Abstract

Background: Quality of life and psychological well-being are readily hampered by depression. The changes that students face during college life impact their psychological health and well-being, including the emergence of mental health problems like depression Aim: To determine the relationship between depressive symptoms, sociodemographic parameters and psychological well-being in undergraduate university students. Material and Methods: Five hundred eighty university students of both sexes, from the Metropolitan and IX Regions of Chile answered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA) and the Ryff's psychological well-being scale. Results: Twenty eight percent of respondents had clinically significant depressive symptoms, and these were more frequent in women. There was an inverse and statistically significant relationship between psychological well-being and depressive symptoms. This fact was especially marked in dimensions of autonomy, positive relationships with others and purpose in life. Conclusions: There is a high frequency of depressive symptoms among these students. We discuss whether psychological well-being and depressive symptomatology represent two extremes within a continuum or they are two independent dimensions that can account for differential causal mechanisms linked to mental health and illness.

Más información

Título según WOS: Depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being among Chilean university students
Título según SCOPUS: Depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being among chilean university students [Sintomatología depresiva y bienestar psicológico en estudiantes universitarios chilenos]
Título según SCIELO: Sintomatologia depresiva y bienestar psicológico en estudiantes universitarios chilenos
Título de la Revista: REVISTA MEDICA DE CHILE
Volumen: 147
Número: 5
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Página de inicio: 579
Página final: 588
Idioma: Spanish
DOI:

10.4067/S0034-98872019000500579

Notas: ISI, SCIELO, SCOPUS - Wos, Sicelo