Spatially Resolved and Quantitative Analysis of VISTA/PD-1H as a Novel Immunotherapy Target in Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Villarroel-Espindola, Franz; Yu, Xiaoqing; Datar, Ila; Mani, Nikita; Sanmamed, Miguel; Velcheti, Vamsidhar; Syrigos, Konstantinos; Toki, Maria; Zhao, Hongyu; Chen, Lieping; Herbst, Roy S.; Schalper, Kurt A.


Purpose: Determine the localized expression pattern and clinical significance of VISTA/PD-1H in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Experimental Design: Using multiplex quantitative immunofluorescence (QIF), we performed localized measurements of VISTA, PD-1, and PD-L1 protein in 758 stage I-IV NSCLCs from 3 independent cohorts represented in tissue microarray format. The targets were selectively measured in cytokeratinthorn tumor epithelial cells, CD3(+) T cells, CD4(+) T-helper cells, CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells, CD20(+) B lymphocytes and CD68(+) tumor-associated macrophages. We determined the association between the targets, clinicopathological/molecular variables and survival. Genomic analyses of lung cancer cases from TCGA were also performed. Results: VISTA protein was detected in 99% of NSCLCs with a predominant membranous/cytoplasmic staining pattern. Expression in tumor and stromal cells was seen in 21% and 98% of cases, respectively. The levels of VISTA were positively associated with PD-L1, PD-1, CD8(+) T cells and CD68(+) macrophages. VISTA expression was higher in T-lymphocytes than in macrophages; and in cytotoxic T cells than in T-helper cells. Elevated VISTA was associated with absence of EGFR mutations and lower mutational burden in lung adenocarcinomas. Presence of VISTA in tumor compartment predicted longer 5-year survival. Conclusions: VISTA is frequently expressed in human NSCLC and shows association with increased tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, PD-1 axis markers, specific genomic alterations and outcome. These results support the immunomodulatory role of VISTA in human NSCLC and suggests its potential as therapeutic target. (C) 2017 AACR.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000429050000008 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 24
Número: 7
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Página de inicio: 1562
Página final: 1573


Notas: ISI