Genome-scale metabolic models of Microbacterium species isolated from a high altitude desert environment

Mandakovic, Dinka; Cintolesi, Ángela; Maldonado, Jonathan; Mendoza, Sebastián N.; Aïte, Méziane; Gaete, Alexis; Saitua, Francisco; Allende, Miguel; Cambiazo, Verónica; Siegel, Anne; Maass, Alejandro; González, Mauricio; "Latorre, Mauricio"

Abstract

The Atacama Desert is the most arid desert on Earth, focus of important research activities related to microbial biodiversity studies. In this context, metabolic characterization of arid soil bacteria is crucial to understand their survival strategies under extreme environmental stress. We investigated whether strain-specific features of two Microbacterium species were involved in the metabolic ability to tolerate/adapt to local variations within an extreme desert environment. Using an integrative systems biology approach we have carried out construction and comparison of genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) of two Microbacterium sp., CGR1 and CGR2, previously isolated from physicochemically contrasting soil sites in the Atacama Desert. Despite CGR1 and CGR2 belong to different phylogenetic clades, metabolic pathways and attributes are highly conserved in both strains. However, comparison of the GEMs showed significant differences in the connectivity of specific metabolites related to pH tolerance and CO2 production. The latter is most likely required to handle acidic stress through decarboxylation reactions. We observed greater GEM connectivity within Microbacterium sp. CGR1 compared to CGR2, which is correlated with the capacity of CGR1 to tolerate a wider pH tolerance range. Both metabolic models predict the synthesis of pigment metabolites (beta -carotene), observation validated by HPLC experiments. Our study provides a valuable resource to further investigate global metabolic adaptations of bacterial species to grow in soils with different abiotic factors within an extreme environment.

Más información

Título según WOS: Genome-scale metabolic models of Microbacterium species isolated from a high altitude desert environment
Título según SCOPUS: Genome-scale metabolic models of Microbacterium species isolated from a high altitude desert environment
Título de la Revista: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Volumen: 10
Número: 1
Editorial: Nature Research
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Idioma: English
DOI:

10.1038/S41598-020-62130-8

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS