Calcium-dependent inactivation controls cardiac L-type Ca2+ currents under beta-adrenergic stimulation
The activity of L-type calcium channels is associated with the duration of the plateau phase of the cardiac action potential (AP) and it is controlled by voltage- and calcium-dependent inactivation (VDI and CDI, respectively). During beta-adrenergic stimulation, an increase in the L-type current and parallel changes in VDI and CDI are observed during square pulses stimulation; however, how these modifications impact calcium currents during an AP remains controversial. Here, we examined the role of both inactivation processes on the L-type calcium current activity in newborn rat cardiomyocytes in control conditions and after stimulation with the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. Our approach combines a self-AP clamp (sAP-Clamp) with the independent inhibition of VDI or CDI (by overexpressing Ca-v beta(2a) or calmodulin mutants, respectively) to directly record the L-type calcium current during the cardiac AP. We find that at room temperature (20-23 degrees C) and in the absence of beta-adrenergic stimulation, the L-type current recapitulates the AP kinetics. Furthermore, under our experimental setting, the activity of the sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) does not affect the shape of the AP. We find that hindering either VDI or CDI prolongs the L-type current and the AP in parallel, suggesting that both inactivation processes modulate the L-type current during the AP. In the presence of isoproterenol, wild-type and VDI-inhibited cardiomyocytes display mismatched L-type calcium current with respect to their AP. In contrast, CDI-impaired cells maintain L-type current with kinetics similar to its AP, demonstrating that calcium-dependent inactivation governs L-type current kinetics during beta-adrenergic stimulation.
|Título según WOS:||Calcium-dependent inactivation controls cardiac L-type Ca2+ currents under beta-adrenergic stimulation|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Calcium-dependent inactivation controls cardiac L-type Ca2+ currents under ?-adrenergic stimulation|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY|
|Editorial:||ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|
|Página de inicio:||786|