Virulence Genes, Shiga Toxin Subtypes, Serogroups, and Clonal Relationship of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Strains Isolated from Livestock and Companion Animals
Simple Summary Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli is a zoonotic pathogen that can cause severe illness in humans, and its circulating strains in the animal-human-environment interface exhibit great variability in terms of virulence and serotypes, where diverse animal species, mainly ruminants, play a fundamental role as reservoirs. Thus, the aim of this study was to characterize strains of this pathogen present in cattle, swine, dogs, and cats in the Region Metropolitana, Chile, based on virulence, serogroups, and population diversity. Based on findings, the circulating strains isolated exhibit high variability and harbor genetic determinants associated with severe illness in humans, thus highlighting that preventive and control strategies should not be focused on detecting serogroups, but instead, on detecting their determinants of virulence. Abstract Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes severe illness in humans and is an important cause of foodborne disease. In Chile, there is limited information on the virulence characteristics of this pathogen in livestock, and none in companion animals. The aim of this study was to characterize STEC strains isolated from cattle, swine, dogs, and cats, in Chile, in terms of the presence of Shiga toxin types and subtypes, virulence genes, serogroups, and clonality. One-thousand two-hundred samples were collected, isolating 54 strains (4.5%), where stx1a (68.5%) and ehxA (74.1%) were the most frequently detected virulence genes. Only one strain belonging to the most clinically relevant serogroups was identified. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis analysis showed high clonal diversity among strains isolated from cattle, while those from swine showed the same pattern. This study provides further evidence regarding cattle and swine in Chile as a potential source of a wide variety of STEC strains that could potentially cause severe illness in humans, and that companion animals do not seem to represent a relevant reservoir. It also argues that preventive and control strategies should not be focused on detecting serogroups, but instead, on detecting their determinants of virulence.
|Título según WOS:||Virulence Genes, Shiga Toxin Subtypes, Serogroups, and Clonal Relationship of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Strains Isolated from Livestock and Companion Animals|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Virulence genes, shiga toxin subtypes, serogroups, and clonal relationship of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from livestock and companion animals|
|Título de la Revista:||ANIMALS|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|