Warm temperatures, cool sponges: the effect of increased temperatures on the Antarctic sponge Isodictya sp.
Although the cellular and molecular responses to exposure to relatively high temperatures (acute thermal stress or heat shock) have been studied previously, only sparse empirical evidence of how it affects cold-water species is available. As climate change becomes more pronounced in areas such as the Western Antarctic Peninsula, both long-term and occasional acute temperature rises will impact species found there, and it has become crucial to understand the capacity of these species to respond to such thermal stress. Here, we use the Antarctic sponge Isodictya sp. to investigate how sessile organisms (particularly Porifera) can adjust to acute short-term heat stress, by exposing this species to 3 and 5 degrees C for 4 h, corresponding to predicted temperatures under high-end 2080 IPCC-SRES scenarios. Assembling a de novo reference transcriptome (90,188 contigs, >93.7% metazoan BUSCO genes) we have begun to discern the molecular response employed by Isodictya to adjust to heat exposure. Our initial analyses suggest that TGF-beta, ubiquitin and hedgehog cascades are involved, alongside other genes. However, the degree and type of response changed little from 3 to 5 degrees C in the time frame examined, suggesting that even moderate rises in temperature could cause stress at the limits of this organism's capacity. Given the importance of sponges to Antarctic ecosystems, our findings are vital for discerning the consequences of short-term increases in Antarctic ocean temperature on these and other species.
|Título según WOS:||Warm temperatures, cool sponges: the effect of increased temperatures on the Antarctic sponge Isodictya sp.|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Warm temperatures, cool sponges: The effect of increased temperatures on the Antarctic sponge Isodictya sp.|
|Título de la Revista:||PEERJ|
|Fecha de publicación:||2019|