Counter-regulatory renin–angiotensin system in cardiovascular disease
The non-canonical axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has an important role in cardiovascular physiology and disease. In this Review, Ocaranza and colleagues discuss the interplay between components of the counter-regulatory RAS and the therapeutic potential of targeting this system to treat cardiovascular disease. The renin-angiotensin system is an important component of the cardiovascular system. Mounting evidence suggests that the metabolic products of angiotensin I and II - initially thought to be biologically inactive - have key roles in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology. This non-canonical axis of the renin-angiotensin system consists of angiotensin 1-7, angiotensin 1-9, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the type 2 angiotensin II receptor (AT(2)R), the proto-oncogene Mas receptor and the Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor member D. Each of these components has been shown to counteract the effects of the classical renin-angiotensin system. This counter-regulatory renin-angiotensin system has a central role in the pathogenesis and development of various cardiovascular diseases and, therefore, represents a potential therapeutic target. In this Review, we provide the latest insights into the complexity and interplay of the components of the non-canonical renin-angiotensin system, and discuss the function and therapeutic potential of targeting this system to treat cardiovascular disease.
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|Counter-regulatory renin-angiotensin system in cardiovascular disease
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|Counter-regulatory renin–angiotensin system in cardiovascular disease
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