Estimation of Annual Maximum and Minimum Flow Trends in a Data-Scarce Basin. Case Study of the Allipen River Watershed, Chile
Data on historical extreme events provides information not only for water resources planning and management but also for the design of disaster-prevention measures. However, most basins around the globe lack long-term hydro-meteorological information to derive the trend of hydrological extremes. This study aims to investigate a method to estimate maximum and minimum flow trends in basins with limited streamflow records. To carry out this study, data from the Allipen River watershed (Chile), the Hydrologiska Byrans Vattenbalansavdelning (HBV) hydrological model at a daily time step, and an uncertainty analysis were used. Through a calibration using only five years of records, 21-year mean daily flow series were generated and the extreme values derived. To analyze the effect of the length of data availability, 2, 5, and 10 years of flows were eliminated from the analyses. The results show that in the case of 11 years of simulated flows, the annual maximum and minimum flow trends present greater uncertainty than in the cases of 16 and 19 years of simulated flows. Simulating 16 years, however, proved to properly simulate the observed long-term trends. Therefore, in data-scarce areas, the use of a hydrological model to simulate extreme mean daily flows and estimate long-term trends with at least 16 years of meteorological data could be a valid option.
|Título según WOS:||Estimation of Annual Maximum and Minimum Flow Trends in a Data-Scarce Basin. Case Study of the Allipen River Watershed, Chile|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Estimation of annual maximum and minimum flow trends in a data-scarce basin. Case study of the Allipen River watershed, Chile|
|Título de la Revista:||WATER|
|Fecha de publicación:||2020|