Slicing the cool circumgalactic medium along the major axis of a star-forming galaxy at z=0.7

Lopez, S; Tejos, N; Barrientos, LF; Ledoux, C; Sharon, K; Katsianis, A; Florian, MK; Rivera-Thorsen, E; Bayliss, MB; Dahle, H; Fernandez-Figueroa, A; Gladders, MD; Gronke, M; Hamel, M; Pessa, I; et. al.

Keywords: intergalactic medium, galaxies: clusters: individual: PSZ1 G311.65-18.48, galaxies: evolution galaxies: formation


We present spatially resolved Echelle spectroscopy of an intervening Mg II-Fe II-Mg I absorption-line system detected at z(abs) = 0.73379 towards the giant gravitational arc wPSZ1 G311.65-18.48. The absorbing gas is associated with an inclined disc-like star-forming galaxy, whose major axis is aligned with the two arc-segments reported here. We probe in absorption the galaxy's extended disc continuously, at approximate to 3 kpc sampling, from its inner region out to 15x the optical radius. We detect strong (W-0(2796) > 0.3 angstrom) coherent absorption along 13 independent positions at impact parameters D = 0-29 kpc on one side of the galaxy, and no absorption at D = 28-57 kpc on the opposite side (all de-lensed distances at zabs). We show that (1) the gas distribution is anisotropic; (2) W-0(2796), W-0(2600), W-0(2852), and the ratio W-0(2600)/W-0(2796), all anticorrelate with D; (3) the W-0(2796)-D relation is not cuspy and exhibits significantly less scatter than the quasar-absorber statistics; (4) the absorbing gas is co-rotating with the galaxy out to D less than or similar to 20 kpc, resembling a 'flat' rotation curve, but at D greater than or similar to 20 kpc velocities decline below the expectations from a 3D disc-model extrapolated from the nebular [O II] emission. These signatures constitute unambiguous evidence for rotating extra-planar diffuse gas, possibly also undergoing enriched accretion at its edge. Arguably, we are witnessing some of the long-sought processes of the baryon cycle in a single distant galaxy expected to be representative of such phenomena.

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Título según WOS: Slicing the cool circumgalactic medium along the major axis of a star-forming galaxy at z=0.7
Volumen: 491
Número: 3
Editorial: Oxford Academic
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 4442
Página final: 4461
Idioma: English


Notas: ISI