Cell size dependence of additive versus synergetic effects of UV radiation and PAHs on oceanic phytoplankton

Echeveste, Pedro; Agusti, Susana; Dachs, Jordi

Abstract

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons' (PAHs) toxicity is enhanced by the presence of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), which levels have arisen due to the thinning of the ozone layer. In this study. PAHs' phototoxicity for natural marine phytoplankton was tested. Different concentrations of a mixture of 16 PAHs were added to natural phytoplankton communities from the Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic, Arctic and Southern Oceans and exposed to natural sunlight received in situ, including treatments where the UVR bands were removed. PAHs' toxicity was observed for all the phytoplankton groups studied in all the waters and treatments tested, but only for the pico-sized group a synergetic effect of the mixture and UVR was observed (p = 0.009). When comparing phototoxicity in phytoplankton from oligotrophic and eutrophic waters, synergy was only observed at the oligotrophic communities (p = 0.02) where pico-sized phytoplankton dominated. The degree of sensitivity was related to the trophic degree, decreasing as Chlorophyll a concentration increased. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000290192400038 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Volumen: 159
Número: 5
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2011
Página de inicio: 1307
Página final: 1316
DOI:

10.1016/j.envpol.2011.01.023

Notas: ISI